What is meant by EMF of a cell?
The electromotive force of a cell or EMF of a cell is the maximum potential difference between two electrodes of a cell.
It can also be defined as the net voltage between the oxidation and reduction half-reactions..
Why EMF is called force?
Electromotive force (emf) is not a force, but the energy-per-unit-charge required to separate electrons in an electrolytic cell. Emfs are voltages, which push (do work on) electrons from the high potential terminal (+) side of the battery to the low potential terminal (-) side of the battery.
Can you have negative EMF?
Faraday’s law can be written: The negative sign in Faraday’s law comes from the fact that the emf induced in the coil acts to oppose any change in the magnetic flux.
How EMF of a cell is measured?
Electrode at which oxidation takes place is anode and the electrode at which reduction takes place is cathode. … The potential difference between the anode and cathode is called the EMF of the cell. The potential difference measured at standard conditions (1 atm pressure, 273K) is called standard electrode potential.
What is the use of EMF?
EMF is the commonly used acronym for electromotive force. A generator or a battery is used for the conversion of energy from one form to another. … Electromotive force is used in the electromagnetic flowmeter which is an application of Faraday’s law.
What is the difference between voltage and EMF?
One of the major difference between the EMF and voltage is that EMF is the energy supplied to the charge, whereas the voltage is the energy requires to move the unit charge from one point to another.
What is the formula of EMF?
The emf is equal to the work done on the charge per unit charge (ϵ=dWdq) when there is no current flowing. Since the unit for work is the joule and the unit for charge is the coulomb, the unit for emf is the volt (1V=1J/C).
What are the sources of EMF?
Devices that can provide emf include electrochemical cells, thermoelectric devices, solar cells, photodiodes, electrical generators, transformers and even Van de Graaff generators. In nature, emf is generated when magnetic field fluctuations occur through a surface.
Who discovered EMF?
Michael FaradayElectromagnetic induction was discovered by Michael Faraday, published in 1831. It was discovered independently by Joseph Henry in 1832.